As one of the oldest and greatest cities in the world, and the largest in Italy, Rome has been a major seat of power and prestige for millennia. The city, according to Roman myths, has existed since about 753 BC, however, the area where the city sits today has been inhabited for much longer than that. It was capital of the Roman Empire until 330 AD when Emperor Constantine shifted the capital to Constantinople, which is presently Istanbul. Rome remained prestigious throughout the ages as the seat of the Catholic Church, and with the unification of the Italian city states in 1871 it was made the capital of unified Italy.
Given this history, it’s no surprise that visitors are given a unique opportunity to look into the past, with reminders of past glories around every corner. There are, of course, the must-see ancient wonders, including the Colosseum, the Pantheon, the Arch of Constantine, and the Pyramid of Cestius just to name a few. Give yourself a thrill at the Bocca della Verità, though make sure you aren’t telling a lie!
Naturally, a trip to Rome also means that a trip to the Vatican is in order. Marvel at the size of St. Peter’s Basilica, and make sure to visit the Sistine Chapel to experience the ceiling painted by the Renaissance master, Michelangelo.
Rome is not only its history, but also its cuisine. Luckily for the weary traveler after a long day of sightseeing, the best pasta and pizza awaits! Typically, Romans do not have a hearty breakfast, but instead enjoy a croissant and espresso in the morning, so should you choose to do as the Romans do, you will be hungry by nightfall.
Getting to and from Rome is not a difficult task, with three airports servicing the city. The rail system is also one of the biggest in mainland Europe, and Rome also has its own underground and metro rail system.